In February 1982, there were several shootings of law enforcement officers on Chicago's South Side: two Cook County Sheriff's Officers were wounded and a rookie Chicago police officer was shot and killed on a CTA bus on February 5.
Beginning in the 1970s, allegations were made that Burge and those under his command used physical assault and torture to coerce confessions. In February 1982, several Chicago law enforcement officials were shot and some killed in Police Area 2, where Burge commanded the detective squad.
Arrests and interrogations related to those killings generated new complaints about police brutality.
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Jon Graham Burge (born December 20, 1947) is a convicted felon and former Chicago Police Department detective and commander who gained notoriety for torturing more than 200 criminal suspects between 19 in order to force confessions.
A decorated United States Army veteran, Burge served tours in South Korea and Vietnam and continued as an enlisted United States Army Reserve soldier where he served in the military police.
When he returned to the South Side of Chicago, he began his career as a police officer, achieving the rank of commander.
In January 2003 he pardoned four of Burge's victims on death row whose convictions were based on coerced confessions.
This group of inmates subsequently filed a consolidated civil suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against the City of Chicago, various police officers, Cook County and various State's Attorneys.
It revealed numerous indictable crimes and other improprieties, but no indictment was made against Burge or his men as the statute of limitations for the crimes had expired.
Based on the evidence from the investigation and its report, convictions of several inmates were reversed, remanded, or overturned.
Following an internal investigation, Burge was suspended from the Chicago Police Department in 1991 and fired in 1993 after the Police Department Review Board ruled that he had used torture against suspects.